What are the Pros and Cons of Selling a Franchise Restaurant vs. Non-Franchise is a common question EATS Restaurant Brokers receives from sellers? Franchise Restaurants for Sale make up 60%-70% of all restaurant sold listings annually. Why is the number so high compared to independently owned restaurants?
The hard facts are only 30%-40% of restaurants listed on the for-sale market will get sold to new buyers. Why does a Franchise Restaurant have a better chance of being sold than a non-franchise restaurant for sale?
EATS Broker discuss the Pros and Cons:
- Trade Name: Franchisees have the right to use an established trade name, marks, logo, and goodwill. Buyers are generally knowledgeable about the concept and menu.
- Restaurant Valuation: Franchise Restaurants usually get a higher price valuation.
- Franchise Business Consultant: New buyers are assigned a Consultant from the franchise brand to receive additional training and support.
- Books and Records: Franchise Restaurants are known to have better books and records to provide to buyers. Franchise concepts typically require Franchisees to have updated POS sales systems.
- Landlord Approval-: Landlords, are most comfortable approving restaurant concepts for lease spaces. Occasionally lease assignments will have guaranteed landlord approval for franchise concepts.
- Bank Lending: Banks view franchise restaurants as less risky loans compared to an independently owned restaurant. The approval process, at times, can be quickly done.
- Franchise Fee: Initial Franchise Agreement Fee ranges from $20,000-$100,000+ depending on Franchise. When a restaurant transfers to a new buyer, a transfer fee is generally required, usually up to 50% of the Franchise Agreement fee.
- Royalty: This operating fee is calculated based on Gross sales ranging from 3%-10% (it could be higher).
- National Marketing Fee: Required fee each franchisee pays to the franchisor to help with the franchise marketing cost. Expenses can range from 0%-6%.
- Remodel Cost: Franchises require locations to date on current specs before a sales transfer can take place to a new buyer. Restaurant remodels cost can be prohibitive depending on the Franchise’s current location requirements. Required upgrades can range from updated tables, chairs, signage, POS system upgrade, lighting, and cooking equipment.
- Required Training: New franchisees are required to complete a certain number of hours working in the restaurant before a buyer can achieve a sales transfer. This process from start to finish can range from 2 weeks-3 months.
- Franchise Approval: Buyers have to get approved by the Franchise.
- Vendors: Franchises have a list of preferred vendors that the franchisees must use.
Independent Owned Restaurant for Sale
- No Royalty: Buyers are not required to pay 3%-10% to any franchise; this could equal hefty savings yearly.
- No Required Training: The buyer can schedule training with the seller, but a certain number of hours working in the new buyer’s business is not required to complete the transaction.
- Time to close: Once the buyer and seller agree to terms on an Asset Sale purchase and the landlord approves the new buyer, the deal can close. One of the most significant advantages of non-franchise sales is the lack of time to complete this deal. Instead of 2-4 months to close on a franchise concept, a buyer can close on a non-franchise restaurant in 2-4 weeks.
- Remodel Cost: Sellers are not required to do any upgrades unless buyers request.
- National Marketing Fee: Buyers are not required to pay an automatic marketing fee to anyone.
- Freedom: Have the ability to make changes with getting franchise approval. Owners have the freedom to choose their vendors.
- Local: Customers like to support local restaurants that are not national franchise concepts.
- Restaurant Valuation: Normally are lower than Franchise concepts. Unless the restaurant has good books and records, goodwill, and has been open and established for years.
- Training: New buyers are on their own to learn the concept, operations, employees, and marketing. The buyer usually completes no formal training before or after the sale transaction.
- Trade name: Building up the trade name is 100% the responsibility of the operator. The new owner has to maintain or establish a new identity for the restaurant.
- Books and Records: Keeping updated and accurate books and records can be challenging for non-franchise concepts.
- Landlord approval: Landlords will frequently do more due diligence on a non-franchise concept before they approve a lease assignment. From the landlord’s standpoint, it is riskier to approve a non-franchise compared to a franchise concept.
Franchise Restaurant ownership and independently owned restaurants have tons of pros and cons to consider when buying a restaurant.Read More
Understanding how to review a Restaurant Profit and Loss Statement is a crucial variable for a Restaurant Valuation to determine the restaurant’s actual value. Restaurants are one of the industries that the ratios on a profit and loss statement can give valuable clues on how a seller operates his/her restaurant.
Unexperienced buyers will look straight down to the Net Income number when reviewing a Profit and Loss Statement. Experienced restaurant operators/buyers will start from the top and work down; they will check the key variables’ ratios.
EATS Restaurant Brokers -5 Critical Categories to review ratio percentages on a Profit and Loss Statement:
• Cost of Goods Sold
• Rent/ Occupancy
• Net Income
Let’s start from the top of the Profit and Loss Statement:
1. Sales: This category is the most critical number because all the other key variables are based on the net sales number. Today, restaurant owners can automatically pull the total sales numbers from an integrated Point of Sale( POS). Total Sales is a good indicator to show if the restaurant sales are improving or declining yearly.
2. Cost of goods sold (COGS): Refers to the direct costs of producing the goods sold by a restaurant. Cost of Goods should typically run around 28%-32% of sales. This number can increase or decrease depending on the restaurant concept.
Pizza restaurants COGS are usually lower, ranging from 25%-28%
Full-Service Restaurants COGS are higher, ranging from 33%-36%
Sub Sandwich Franchise COGS typically range from 28%-33%
3. Payroll: Includes labor cost, including hourly and salaried, payroll taxes, 401K contributions, and other employee benefits. An average payroll rate should be around 25%.
Restaurant Brokers come across some diverse Payroll expense ranges when providing restaurant valuation. Here are some scenarios:
-Low under 20%- Restaurant has family members working extensive hours, or husband and wife are working over 40 hours weekly
-Low under 20%-Owner debits some payroll expenses under Cost of Goods Sold (COGS).
-Low under 20%-The most common scenario is CASH-owner is paying employees in CASH, aka under the table.
(These factors are essential because they make a difference in the restaurant valuation)
4. Rent/ Occupancy Expense: Occupancy costs are costs related to occupying space, including; rent, real estate taxes, personal property taxes, and insurance on the building. Occupancy Costs should be between 7%-11% of sales.
EATS Restaurant Brokers Tip-PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THIS LINE:
Occupancy Costs that are 5% or less and 12%-18% should get an experienced Restaurant Broker’s attention providing a restaurant valuation. Leases that have a monthly occupancy cost of 12%-18% are an indication of a bad lease. This ratio number for rental occupancy can be challenging for restaurant owners trying to sell a restaurant to a buyer.
On the opposite end, Occupancy Cost that is 5% or less should be explained in detail. In most cases, the restaurant seller owns the building and pays a low mortgage, or the landlord provided reduced rent as a concession.
5. Net income (NI), also called net earnings, is calculated as sales minus the cost of goods sold, selling, general and administrative expenses, operating expenses, depreciation, interest, taxes, and other expense.
Restaurant Net Incomes usually range from 5%-10%, a well-managed restaurant can see percentages increase up to 15%.
EATS Restaurant Brokers Tip-PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THIS LINE:
Net Income over 20% should be analyzed and explained. Most times, sellers are not deducting all expenses, under-reporting numbers, or combining multiple restaurant expenses.
**Disclaimer if the seller provides a net income over 20% for numerous years on the TAX RETURNS, then it makes it easier to believe.
Restaurant Sellers should understand their Profit and Loss statement and be ready to explain specific ratios if they are irregular from the average ratio ranges. EATS Broker reviews restaurant Profit and Loss Statements daily. We understand the restaurant business down to the percentage numbers.
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The Cares Act 2 has some generous provisions to help restaurants. EATS Broker wants to share some great news about the latest $900 billion coronavirus relief bill. The coronavirus relief bill extends and modifies several provisions first enacted in the CARES Act, Congress’s $2.2 trillion pandemic relief law passed in March 2020.
Congress passed the relief bill to provide support to help people and businesses get through the next several months of the pandemic. Most people are aware of $284 billion’s renewed funding for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) to provide forgivable loans to borrowers. It is essential to note that this bill offers a simplified forgiveness application process for loans up to $150,000.
The majority of the population knows about the PPP loans, EIDL Loans, and even the deduction for Business Meals, but many do not know about the 6-months of free payments for SBA loans. The free months of non-payment will help restaurant sales transactions”.
EATS Broker 3 Key Highlights from the Cares Act 2 Relief Bill
- FREE SBA Payments for six months-NO Principal or Interest required
Restaurant buyers purchasing a restaurant between 2/1/2021 and 9/30/2021 with an SBA loan will not have to pay principal or interest for six months. The non-payments are excellent news for restaurant owners that are considering selling their restaurant in 2021. Buyers have a strong incentive to buy a restaurant before the end of September. The waived principal and interest has a limitation of up to $9,000 per month.
For example, the buyer’s monthly SBA loan payment is $10,000 per month. The SBA will waive the first $9,000 owed, and the borrower would be responsible for a $1,000 charge for the first six months. Many of the deals on main street business brokerage will have lower monthly payments than $9,000 per month.
- Guarantee Fee Waived
This fee usually ranged from 2.5%-4% of the total loan amount to the buyer. Buyers can now take this savings on the closing cost to help fund their restaurant sales transaction.
- SBA Guarantees 90% of the loan amount
The SBA has increased its loan guarantee to banks from 75% to now 90%. Increased SBA loan guarantee is excellent news for restaurant buyers because now banks can take more risk and approve more lending deals.
It’s an incentive filled time to sell a restaurant or buy a restaurant using funds from the banks. EATS Broker are Subject Matter Experts in Restaurant resales. Let us provide you a complimentary Certified Business Valuation; contact us today at firstname.lastname@example.org or 404-993-4448.Read More
Understanding Add Backs when Selling a Restaurant can be difficult for inexperienced restaurant buyers and restaurant sellers to understand. The real value is more than just the bottom net profit number on the profit and loss statements and tax returns.
When it’s time to sell a restaurant, how do you know what to add back to calculate the earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization(EBITDA)? These calculations are essential to evaluate the value of the restaurant.
The EBITDA for restaurant valuations used for positive cashflow restaurants is crucial to discovering its actual value. This financial information is critical because today’s buyers will use multiples of the EBITDA to determine their offer price.
Dominique Maddox, a Restaurant Broker and Founder of EATS Restaurant Brokers says, “I let restaurant owners know the only add-backs I will include are the ones accepted by SBA lending professionals. Restaurant owners deduct many personal expenses from the restaurant’s books and records, but not all costs qualify as add-backs for a Certified Restaurant Valuation.
I have years of experience of providing Restaurant Owners restaurant valuations based on the EBITDA on their financials”. Once I find out the EBITDA, I can then assign a correct multiple to find out the recommended listing price”.
- Depreciation and Amortization
- Interest- on loan payoff
- Personal Travel and meals
- Seller’s auto expenses, including insurance
- One-time costs that are nor re-accruing
- Seller discretionary expenses, ex- life insurance, salaries to family members(not working)
- Severance and lawsuit settlements
- Manager salary-if seller is an absentee owner
The team at EATS Broker has expertise in factoring in add-backs when selling a restaurant. We know which add-backs and adjustments will get approved for SBA lending. Let us provide you a complimentary Certified Business Valuation; contact us today at email@example.com or 404-993-4448.Read More